In order to analyze modern forms of auto insurance and other automotive services, one must first look deeper into traditional understandings of employment and evaluate its scope for expansion to encompass modern day transactions. Based on traditional works of the jurists, this resolution focuses on service-based employment and establishes permissibility for collateral and comprehensive auto insurance, as well as AAA membership.
The crux of the objection to dry cleaning lies in the reusing of the same solvent through numerous wash loads, and that the latter loads come in contact with the solvent made impure through a prior load, assuming that load contained impure clothes, which renders clothes washed via dry cleaning impure. This resolution delves into the Sharia’s objective in its recommended washing procedures and how the current dry cleaning procedures serve that objective.
This resolution states that transgender individuals who undergo Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) and/or hormone therapy do not transform into another sex and the rulings of the original sex continue to apply. In order to determine sex transformation, one must understand the definition of sex, when the Sharia considers genuine transmutation, and the extent of the results of SRS and hormone therapy. The resolution also demonstrates the difference between transgender and intersex individuals and the flaw in deriving rulings of the former based off the jurists’ guidance in determining the sex of the latter.
This resolution states that the nisab of money must be set against the nisab of gold, as opposed to silver, in order to accomplish the zakat principle of maximizing benefit for the poor. Although the jurists instructed to use the lower of the two nisab based on their intent to maximize the benefit for the poor, the resolution argues that one does not find that benefit in the low nisab value of silver given its devaluation, along with increased living and udhiyyah costs.
The interest-based student debt crisis exceeds $1.4 trillion and impacts 44 million people in the US, including Muslims. A prepaid tuition plan lets an individual purchase units or credits, at current prices, for a beneficiary’s education in the future. This resolution analyzes such plans, along with its Sharia compliance, concluding that these are permissible forward service (ijarah mudafah) contracts.