Welcome to the American Fiqh Academy

Thorough academic research on a single topic usually takes a few months before a resolution is passed and posted on the site.  Please subscribe to our mailing list and follow us on social media for alerts on new resolutions.  Topics for research are selected by the American Fiqh Academy members, and we do not answer general questions from the community.  Please contact your local scholars for personal questions.

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Latest Resolutions

Zakat on 401(k)

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Approximately 79% of Americans work for an employer that offers a 401(k), and more than 60 million participate in such a plan, including many Muslims. This resolution establishes principles of differentiating between trade and investment assets and applies them to determine the ruling on zakat on 401(k). It also addresses whether penalty and taxes are valid debts for subtraction in a 401(k) zakat calculation.

Using VHCs While Fasting
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More than 25 million people in the US rely on inhaled medication to control their asthma, which poses a challenge to Muslims for fasting. Valved Holding Chambers (VHCs) deliver the medication in the form of imperceptible aerosolized droplets and minimize oropharyngeal deposition. This resolution analyzes the principles of what invalidates the fast and applies it to VHCs.

Emergency Contraception

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Emergency contraception poses the juridical question of whether a postcoital contraceptive constitutes an abortifacient in Islam.  In order to answer, one must first define whether a pregnancy starts from fertilization or implantation, and then understand the mechanisms of action of the common emergency contraceptive pills (Plan B and ella) and the copper intrauterine device (Paragard IUD).